SK Telecom Moves Closer to 5G with Low Latency Technology

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Plans to keep enhancing low latency technologies to evolve to 5G
Monday, September 4th, 2017
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SK Telecom Successfully Demonstrates 2ms latency over LTE

[Seoul, Korea] SK Telecom (NYSE:SKM) announced on September 4 that it, together with Nokia, has successfully reduced latency between the handset and base station to 2 milliseconds(ms) over its LTE network.
With the successful demonstration of a round-trip latency of 2ms, SK Telecom moves one step closer to realizing 5G.*
*International Telecommunication Union states that technologies designed for 5G needs to deliver a peak data rate of up to 20Gbps under ultra-low latency of 1ms.

The latency between the handset and base station in the existing LTE environment is around 25ms. While the round-trip latency of 25ms can support two-way communication services like remote learning and smart work, it is not low enough to seamlessly provide services that require real-time transmission of data such as autonomous driving and telemedicine.

 

 

Speed

Latency(Handset-Base station)

2G

14.4kbps ~ 64kbps

300 ~ 1000ms

3G

144kbps ~ 14.4Mbps

50 ~ 100ms

4G

75Mbps ~

25ms or lower

5G

20Gbps ~

1ms or lower

            <Table: Speed and latency for each generation of mobile technology>

Against this backdrop, the newly developed 2ms latency technology is expected to facilitate the development of diverse real-time services – e.g. autonomous driving, AR and VR services – which will become widespread in the 5G era.

For instance, with a latency of 25ms, upon sending a stop signal to a self-driving vehicle running at 150 kilometers per hour, the vehicle travels about one meter further before it actually begins to decelerate. However, with the 2ms latency technology, the vehicle moves only 8 centimeters before it begins to slow down, which will significantly enhance the overall safety in autonomous driving.

Moreover, the low latency communication technology can support services that require real-time monitoring of remote sites and control of equipment such as disaster relief robot, and will also contribute to the growth of next-generation media services like 360° VR.

SK Telecom and Nokia have dramatically reduced the latency between LTE handset and base station from 25ms to only 2ms by applying Uplink Pre-Scheduling, a technology that enables the handset to immediately transmit data to the base station, and short Transmission Time Interval (TTI), a technology that reduces data transmission time between base station and handset to about 1/7.

The companies will continue to work together to reflect the short TTI technology to the 3GPP global standards.

“Low latency technology is essential in realizing 5G services such as autonomous driving, artificial intelligence and virtual reality services,” said Park Jin-hyo, Senior Vice President and Head of Network Technology R&D Center of SK Telecom. “We will continue to improve our low latency technologies to achieve 5G evolution, while applying the latest technologies to our LTE networks to further enhance customer experience.”

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